Haswell–First Insights at IDF 2012 (Raw Session Notes)

Posted on 11 September 2012 by

We’ve been banned from photography and video here at the first Haswell tech talk, IDF 2012 which means there’s bound to be some interesting slides up on screen. Here are my notes from the session – these focus on very deep features of the architecture.

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I’m live-writing this (posted at end of session) so please excuse grammatical errors. Treat this as a set of notes that won’t be updated as I’ll need to move on to the next session here at IDF, San Francisco.

Remember Haswell is the next generation ‘family’ of Core microprocessor built on 22nm with Tri-Gate technology.  This generation is known as a ‘tock’ – new architecture.

 

Philosophy

“retain key features of Sandy Bridge and Ivy bridge”

Why? Consistent developer environment. Power efficiency needs to go across all usage scenarios.

Performance, modularity, Power Innovations

2-4 cores across family

GT1, GT2, GT3 graphics

 

Power

> 10 days of connected standby

20x better idle power.

Haswell achieves, at same power level, twice the graphics performance. Or, can be dialed-back. Same graphics as on Ivy Bridge for half the power. (We saw 8W in demo earlier. 8W was mentioned again here.)

New power states S0ix state. Active Idle:

  • Improvements in realizable battery life
  • Transparent to well-written s/w (no work for developers)
  • Leverages learning from phone and tablet development (Atom I assume)

“Instant resume”

Active Power improvements:

  • Turbo improvements (a little bit more, better load balancing)
  • Finer grain control of power islands
  • Power optimized CPUu to PCHlink

Idle Power notes

  • Optimized deliver of power and power gating
  • Added C-states and faster transition times (up to 25%)
  • Manufacturing process optimizations.

Embedded controller idle power < 5W

Panel self refresh

Additional interface support (I2C, SDIO, I2S, UART)

New link power management states (USB, SATA, PCI Express)

 

Microarchitecture / Performance

Verbatim from slide:

  • Improved code fetch BW
  • Better branch prediction
  • Larger OOO windows and corresponding structures
  • Increased throughput via 2 new dispatch ports
  • Lower L2 TLB
  • Lower virtualisation latencies

New compute instructions

Intel Advanced Vector Extensions 2 (AVX2)

[Complex slide passes too quickly] Additional new scalar instructions details detailed.

At this stage the architecture changes are difficult to translate into end-user advantages. Obviously speed of some operations requires use of the new instructions.

Cache improvements:

  • Same sizes as Sandy Bridge.
  • L1 data rate improvement: 96 bytes/cycle (64B read, 32B write)
  • L2 64 Bytes / cycle (Sandy Bridge was 32)

These changes clearly help old and new code.

Transactional Syncronization Extensions (TSX) detailed: In essence this helps developers write efficient parallel code.

 

Graphics

4th gen of integrated graphics adds support of latest APis

  • DX 11.1
  • Open CL 1.2
  • Open GL 4.0

GT3 versions of the SKU will add a new ‘slice’ of processing engines.  GT3 is either high performance or very efficient option. (I believe GT3 is for Ultrabooks)

CPU and GPU voltage and frequency is totally de-coupled.

 

Media

MJPEG decode now in hardware. (for lower power webcam conferencing)

MPEG2 encode now in hardware (for DVD creation, DLNA streaming)

Higher encoding quality

Stand alone video quality engine

frame rate conversion and image stabilization in hardware

Scalable quick sync video

Power management for Ultrabook

Scalable Video Coding codec. Enabler for multi-party video conferencing.

4Kx2K video playback

New features in video processing:

  • Gamut Expansion
  • Skin Tone Tuned Images Enhancement Filter
  • Frame Rate Conversion
  • Image Stabilisation
  • Questions

Confirmed Ultrabooks will have GT3 versions of the graphics engine. One slice can be turned off if needed.

Session end.

  • Pingback: Intel outlines plans for 10W Haswell chips in 2013 - Liliputing()

  • Mark

    How likely would it be for these to come with 10″ screened notebooks? I say notebook since I don’t really care about the thinness of ultrabooks. So “thick” with a fatty battery all the way!

    • DavidC1

      You’d probably want an Ultrabook by Haswell timeframe. There is a huge different in idle power even between Haswell M(standard power) and Haswell U(the low power version). They expect 20% reduction in idle power over Ivy Bridge with M, and more than 20x with U.

      With 35WHr battery they are expecting 10 hours of battery life or greater. That’s double the Ultrabooks of today, and 35WHr battery would allow relatively thin convertible Ultrabooks.

      (10 hours in browsing, and light usage of course)

      BTW Chippy, you got this wrong:

      “Embedded controller idle power < 5W"

      its' 5mW. ;)

  • DavidC1

    So there are more details about the “10W TDP”.

    Early next year, Ivy Bridge will have a version under 10W TDP. Haswell brings:

    15W TDP

    AND

    under the “under 10W TDP” Ivy Bridge.

  • Pingback: Intel Touts Next-gen Ultrabook Platform ‘Haswell’ With Demo Showing 2x Graphics Performance | DailyGadgets()

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